Two Major of Gum Diseases

Just like when you have a pain in your chest, you go to a general physician who then examines and determines whether you should go see a heart specialist or not, a general dentist examines your mouth and recommends you to a periodontist, if he feels necessary. There are some oral problems that are beyond the control of dentists with limited knowledge and specialists have been recommended by them.

One main difference between dentists and periodontists has to do with your gums. Periodontists are the ones who usually diagnoses gum disease (like gingivitis) and periodontitis – the technical term for a disease that affects the gum AND the bones.

In order to dig deeper, following two types of gum diseases are being discussed in detail. If you’re having any of them, contact a local periodontist. If you live in Toronto, Ontario, visit greatgums.ca/ where you can find the best periodontist Ontario.

Types of Gum Disease

  1. Gingivitis: Gingivitis is the mildest form of periodontal disease. It causes the gums to become red, swollen, and bleed easily. There is usually little or no discomfort at this stage. Gingivitis is often caused by inadequate oral hygiene. Gingivitis is reversible with professional treatment and good oral home care.

Factors that may contribute to gingivitis include, diabetes, smoking, aging, genetic predisposition, systemic diseases and conditions, stress, inadequate nutrition, puberty, hormonal fluctuations, pregnancy, substance abuse, HIV infection, and certain medication use.

  1. Periodontitis: Untreated gingivitis can advance to periodontitis. With time, plaque can spread and grow below the gum line. Toxins produced by the bacteria in plaque irritate the gums. The toxins stimulate a chronic inflammatory response in which the body in essence turns on itself, and the tissues and bone that support the teeth are broken down and destroyed. Gums separate from the teeth, forming pockets (spaces between the teeth and gums) that become infected. As the disease progresses, the pockets deepen and more gum tissue and bone are destroyed. Often, this destructive process has very mild symptoms. Eventually, teeth can become loose and may have to be removed.

Types of Periodontitis

There are many forms of periodontitis. The most common ones include the following.

  • Aggressive periodontitis occurs in patients who are otherwise clinically healthy. Common features include rapid attachment loss and bone destruction and familial aggregation.
  • Chronic periodontitis results in inflammation within the supporting tissues of the teeth, progressive attachment and bone loss. This is the most frequently occurring form of periodontitis and is characterized by pocket formation and/or recession of the gingiva. It is prevalent in adults, but can occur at any age. Progression of attachment loss usually occurs slowly, but periods of rapid progression can occur.
  • Periodontitis as a manifestation of systemic diseases often begins at a young age. Systemic conditions such as heart disease, respiratory disease, and diabetes are associated with this form of periodontitis.
  • Necrotizing periodontal disease is an infection characterized by necrosis of gingival tissues, periodontal ligament and alveolar bone. These lesions are most commonly observed in individuals with systemic conditions such as HIV infection, malnutrition and immunosuppression.

It is better to visit a periodontist in Ontario when you feel inflammation in your mouth, or any other dental issue.